Table 1

Baseline maternal demographic and risk characteristics of the trial groups

Intervention (n=111), N (%)Comparison (n=97), N (%)
Demographics
 Age, mean±SD (years)27.6±6.727.7±5.9
 Age, range (years)15–4517–42
 Age <19 years7 (6%)7 (7%)
 Marital status*
  Married (registered marriage)67 (62%)62 (67%)
  Living with partner (without registered marriage)20 (19%)17 (18%)
  Single/separated/divorced21 (19%)14 (15%)
Level of education
 High school/vocational88 (83%)74 (80%)
 Degree or higher18 (17%)18 (20%)
Main source of household income
 Full or part-time wages73 (69%)66 (73%)
 Benefit or pension33 (31%)25 (27%)
Subgroup characteristics
 Parity
  0 (first-time mother)31 (28%)34 (35%)
  ≥180 (72%)63 (65%)
 Country of birth
  Australia56 (50%)50 (52%)
  Overseas (31 different countries worldwide)55 (50%)47 (48%)
 Antenatal psychosocial distress
  Not distressed65 (59%)54 (56%)
  Distressed46 (41%)43 (44%)
Number of risk factors
 One56 (50%)49 (50%)
 Two or more55 (50%)48 (50%)
  234 (31%)31 (32%)
  316 (14%)13 (13%)
  44 (4%)4 (4%)
  51 (1%)0 (0%)
  • Percentages have been rounded.

  • * Seven women did not disclose their marital status.

  • Eleven women did not disclose their level of education or source of income.

  • Assessed as an Edinburgh Depression Scale17 score of 10 or more, which may approximate the subgroups labelled in other trials as ‘psychologically vulnerable’ or ‘low psychological resources’.14