Table 4

Serious bacterial infection (SBI) score for prediction of serious bacterial infection

Clinical variableScore*
Developmental delayNo delay0
Risk factor for infectionNo risk factor0
Risk factor present2
State variationEyes open0
Eyes close briefly1
Falls asleep2
Capillary refill time (s)<20
Hydration statusWell hydrated0
Dry mucous membranes2
Reduced skin turgor4
Respiratory rateNot tachypnoeic0
HypoxiaNot hypoxic0
Mild hypoxia1
Severe hypoxia2
  • * Score indicates the sum of scores for each clinical variable (maximum score 18). Table 5 shows risks of serious bacterial infection stratified by SBI score.