Table 1

Baseline measurements and their relationship to BMI SDS at baseline

VariablenMean (SD) (unless asterisked)Correlation with BMI SDS at baseline
BMI SDS883.23 (0.49)NA
Waist circumference SDS873.84 (0.62)r=0.66 (p<0.001)
Body fat SDS872.79 (0.62)r=0.72 (p<0.001)
% Truncal fat8736.94 (7.67)r=0.62 (p<0.001)
HOMA-R884.01* (0.78–15.24)r=0.37 (p<0.001)
Glucose AUC8713.33 (2.24)r=−0.03 (p=0.8)
HDL-C (mmol/l)88.22 (0.23)r=0.11 (p=0.3)
LDL-C (mmol/l)882.52 (0.64)r=−0.02 (p=0.9)
Total cholesterol/HDL-C ratio883.55* (1.6–6.1)r=−0.05 (p=0.6)
Triglyceride (mmol/l)881.11* (0.3–3.0)r=0.08 (p=0.4)
Systolic BP (mm Hg)88112.2 (8.60)r=0.27 (p=0.01)
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)8865.9 (7.0)r=0.21 (p=0.05)
HsCRP (mg/l)882.38* (0.2–34.0)r=0.40 (p<0.001)
  • AUC, area under the curve; BMI SDS, body mass index SD score; BP, blood pressure; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; HOMA-R, homeostasis model assessment; HsCRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.

  • * Geometric mean (range); logged values used for correlation coefficient.