Table 2

Sensitivity and specificity of the WHO criteria (±fever) for detecting pneumonia according to the presence or absence of wheezing

CriteriaSensitivity (95% CI)Specificity (95% CI)
Children without wheezing (n=76)
 WHO76% (56% to 89%)62% (46% to 75%)
 WHO+fever76% (56% to 89%)70% (55% to 82%)
Children with wheezing (n=314)
 WHO90% (76% to 97%)12% (8% to 16%)
 WHO+fever85% (70% to 94%)42% (36% to 48%)