Table 2

Odds ratios of systolic, diastolic and overall hypertension* in Asian Indian adolescents in Delhi comparing the highest with the lowest quartile of various characteristics (n=1022)

Systolic hypertensionDiastolic hypertensionOverall hypertension
Explanatory characteristicsOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
BMI (kg/m2)4.401.60 to 12.202.751.08 to 7.032.901.40 to 6.12
Waist circumference (cm)5.101.82 to 14.257.382.25 to to 12.17
Waist–hip ratio1.820.65 to 5.112.750.81 to 9.361.920.76 to 4.81
Subscapular skinfold (mm)5.551.73 to 17.843.901.35 to to 7.41
Triceps skinfold (mm)3.301.09 to 10.013.881.35 to 11.142.421.05 to 5.60
Peripheral skinfold thickness (mm)3.531.09 to 11.415.711.99 to 16.443.131.31 to 7.49
Central skinfold thickness (mm)3.140.91 to 10.864.511.40 to 14, 522.921.11 to 7.67
Sum of four skinfold thicknesses, Σ4SF (mm)§4.611.21 to 17.582.810.87 to to 6.06
Percentage body fat2.881.20 to 6.963.121.24 to 7.852.411.18 to 4.92
Body fat mass (kg)4.111.56 to 10.853.291.37 to 8.512.721.33 to 5.59
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)1.190.53 to 2.651.870.69 to to 2.14
Serum triglycerides (mg/dl)2.450.92 to 6.502.000.82 to 4.881.170.84 to 3.72
LDL- cholesterol (mg/dl)1.530.62 to 3.183.501.22 to 9.942.020.96 to 4.28
Family history of hypertension1.440.76 to 2.722.211.13 to 4.331.580.93 to 2.69
Daily dietary salt intake1.820.81 to 4.101.600.62 to 4.131.920.96 to 3.84
  • * Hypertension defined as systolic or diastolic blood pressure greater than the 95th percentile of the sample age, gender and height specific pressures or greater than 130/85 mm Hg.

  • Odds of high blood pressure for those in the highest quartile of the explanatory characteristics as compared to the lowest quartile after adjusting for gender, age and height.

  • Central skinfold thickness defined as the mean of the subscapular and suprailiac skinfold thicknesses in mm.

  • § The sum of four skinfold thicknesses, Σ4SF, is the sum of biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac measurements.

  • BMI, body mass index; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.