Table 1

Comparison of the characteristics of Asian Indian adolescents in Delhi by hypertension* status (n=1022)

Hypertensive (n=65)Normotensive (n=957)
MeanSDMeanSDp Value
Age (years)16.91.816.71.60.2
BMI (kg/m2)21.34.519.53.2<0.001
Heart rate (beats/min)87.48.982.98.4<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)73.112.468.28.5<0.001
Hip circumference (cm)89.99.486.67.4<0.001
Subscapular skinfold (mm)20.912.016.38.8<0.001
Calf skinfold (mm)19.87.517.56.8<.01
Peripheral skinfold thickness (mm)28.314.523.611.9<0.001
Central skinfold thickness (mm)§44.226.235.519.9<0.001
Sum of four skinfold thickness, Σ4SF (mm)62.137.549.425.2<.01
Percentage body fat27.310.323.87.7<0.001
Total serum cholesterol (mg/dl)153.628.3146.026.3<0.05
Serum triglycerides (mg/dl)99.138.890.130.9<0.05
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl)50.28.949.28.30.34
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl)85.126.678.725.50.05
HbA1c (%)5.40.95.61.00.1
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)89.68.989.29.50.7
Daily dietary sodium intake477.3239.6426.3234.80.1
  • * Hypertension defined as systolic or diastolic blood pressure greater than the 95th percentile of the sample age, gender and height specific blood pressures or greater than 130/85 mm Hg.

  • Independent two sample t test comparing the means using pooled variance.

  • Peripheral skinfold thickness is the sum of the biceps and triceps skinfold thicknesses.

  • § Central skinfold thickness is the sum of the subscapular and suprailiac skinfold thicknesses.

  • The sum of four skinfold thicknesses, Σ4SF, is the sum of biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac measurements.

  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, haemoglobin A1c; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.