Table 1 Literature search
Key questions: What are the causes of epistaxis in children? Is there an association between epistaxis and apparent life threatening events in children?
Databases searched: Medline, Embase, and Cinahl, the Science Citation Index and the Social Science Citation Index from 1970 to February 2008
Keywords
1. bleeding from the nose.mp.19. (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
2. nose bleed:.mp.or sudden infant death).mp.
3. nosebleed:.mp.20. unnatural death.mp.
4. (nasal haemorrhage or nasal21. (Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy or
hemorrhage).mp.Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome).mp.
5. Epistaxis/or epistaxis.mp.22. (Munchausen syndrome or
6. nasal bleed:.mp.Munchausen by proxy or Factitious
7. intra-alveolar hemorrhag:.mp.Disorder by Proxy).mp.
8. intra-alveolar haemorrhag:.mp.23. (SIDS or SID).mp.
9. oral bleeding.mp.24. Child homicide.mp.
10. (oronasal haemorrhage: or25. covert homicide.mp.
oronasal hemorrhage:).mp.26. child murder.mp.
11. Epistaxis/or oronasal hemorrhage.mp.27. physical abuse.mp.
or Airway Obstruction/28. or/13–27
12. or/1–1129. (baby or babies).mp.
13. child abuse.mp.30. Baby/
14. suffocat:.mp.31. Infant/
15. smother:.mp.32. infant:.mp.
16. asphyxia.mp.33. young child:.mp.
17. Infanticide.mp.34. or/29–33
18. (Acute Life Threatening Event35. 12 and 28 and 34
or ALTE).mp36. limit 35 to yr = “2006–2008”