Table 1

Age at marriage and its associations with sociodemographic and gendered vulnerabilities among ever married 20–24-year-old women in India (N=14 682)

Sociodemographic vulnerabilitiesGendered vulnerabilities
Rural ResidencePoorest quintileNo formal educationOlder spouse – 10+yearsSpousal violence ever1Son preference
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95%CI)
Age a marriage:
 20–24 yearsRefRefRefRefRefRef
 18–19 years1.5 (1.3 to 1.6)2.4 (2.0 to 2.9)2.3 (2.0 to 2.6)1.4 (1.2 to 1.7)2.01 (1.8 to 2.3)1.5 (1.3 to 1.8)
 16–17 years1.9 (1.8 to 2.1)4.4 (3.6 to 5.3)4.2 (3.7 to 4.8)1.5 (1.3 to 1.8)3.23 (2.8 to 3.7)2.0 (1.8 to 2.3)
 14–15 years2.6 (2.3 to 2.9)7.0 (5.8 to 8.5)8.3 (7.3 to 9.5)2.2 (1.9 to 2.6)4.15 (3.6 to 4.8)2.8 (2.5 to 3.3)
 <14 years3.0 (2.6 to 3.5)8.3 (6.7 to 10.4)11.2 (9.5 to 13.2)3.1 (2.6 to 3.8)4.94 (4.2 to 5.9)2.7 (2.2 to 3.2)
  • 1 analysis restricted to a subsample of ever married women 20–24 years who were selected and agreed to participate in the IPV module of the National Family Health Survey-3 (n=10 625).