Table 2 Male:female (m:f) mortality ratios per person-years based on 5-year periods, by causes, children (0–14 years), Scotland 1982–2006
CauseYearsm:f ratio (95% CI)MalesFemales
Mortality rate per 100 000 person-years (n)Mortality rate per 100 000 person-years (n)
All causes1982–19861.87 (1.61 to 2.17)19.2 (503)10.3 (257)
1987–19911.57 (1.32 to 1.87)13.8 (337)8.8 (205)
1992–19961.69 (1.36 to 2.09)9.2 (227)5.5 (129)
1997–20011.73 (1.37 to 2.2)8.0 (191)4.6 (105)
2002–20061.48 (1.1 to 1.98)5.1 (113)3.4 (73)
Subtotal1982–20061.70 (1.56 to 1.86)11.3 (1371)6.6 (769)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−74−67
Trend gradient (p value)−0.675 (0.000)−0.357 (0.000)
Road traffic injuries (excluding pedestrian)1982–19861.54 (1.05 to 2.27)2.6 (68)1.7 (42)
1987–19911.53 (1.00 to 2.33)2.3 (56)1.5 (35)
1992–19961.53 (0.98 to 2.38)2.1 (51)1.4 (32)
1997–20012.00 (1.17 to 3.41)1.8 (42)0.9 (20)
2002–20062.38 (1.05 to 5.41)0.9 (20)0.4 (8)
Subtotal1982–20061.65 (1.34 to 2.04)2.0 (237)1.2 (137)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−65−78
Trend gradient (p value)−0.079 (0.000)−0.065 (0.000)
Pedestrian injuries1982–19862.03 (1.52 to 2.71)5.5 (145)2.7 (68)
1987–19911.72 (1.21 to 2.46)3.5 (85)2.0 (47)
1992–19961.60 (0.99 to 2.57)1.8 (45)1.1 (27)
1997–20011.50 (0.87 to 2.59)1.4 (33)0.9 (21)
2002–20060.95 (0.5 to 1.83)0.8 (18)0.8 (18)
Subtotal1982–20061.72 (1.43 to 2.06)2.7 (326)1.6 (181)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−86−69
Trend gradient (p value)−0.224 (0.000)−0.1 (0.000)
Fire and flames1982–19861.22 (0.83 to 1.8)2.3 (59)1.8 (46)
1987–19911.07 (0.7 to 1.64)1.8 (45)1.7 (40)
1992–19961.12 (0.6 to 2.1)0.9 (21)0.8 (18)
1997–20012.05 (1.06 to 3.96)1.2 (28)0.6 (13)
2002–20060.72 (0.3 to 1.7)0.4 (9)0.6 (12)
Subtotal1982–20061.20 (0.95 to 1.51)1.3 (162)1.1 (129)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−82−70
Trend gradient (p value)−0.091 (0.000)−0.075 (0.000)
Drowning and suffocation (including choking/asphyxia)1982–19862.29 (1.65 to 3.18)4.6 (120)2.0 (50)
1987–19912.14 (1.33 to 3.42)2.3 (56)1.1 (25)
1992–19962.04 (1.11 to 3.77)1.3 (32)0.6 (15)
1997–20011.59 (0.89 to 2.85)1.3 (30)0.8 (18)
2002–20061.99 (0.97 to 4.09)1.0 (23)0.5 (11)
Subtotal1982–20062.09 (1.69 to 2.6)2.2 (261)1.0 (119)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−78%−74%
Trend gradient (p value)−0.158 (0.000)−0.064 (0.000)
Falls1982–19863.81 (1.67 to 8.73)1.1 (28)0.3 (7)
1987–19912.12 (0.97 to 4.65)0.8 (20)0.4 (9)
1992–19966.23 (1.41 to 27.59)0.5 (13)0.1 (2)
1997–20010.48 (0.12 to 1.91)0.1 (3)0.3 (6)
2002–20065.25 (1.16 to 23.67)0.5 (11)0.1 (2)
Subtotal1982–20062.75 (1.76 to 4.3)0.6 (75)0.2 (26)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−54%−66%
Trend gradient (p value)−0.038 (0.001)−0.008 (0.219)
Poisoning (including drug deaths)1982–19862.48 (0.88 to 6.96)0.5 (13)0.2 (5)
1987–19914.45 (1.28 to 15.49)0.6 (14)0.1 (3)
1992–19963.83 (0.43 to 34.28)0.2 (4)0.0 (1)
1997–20013.81 (0.43 to 34.1)0.2 (4)0.0 (1)
2002–20061.91 (0.17 to 21.04)0.1 (2)0.0 (1)
Subtotal1982–20063.21 (1.64 to 6.29)0.3 (37)0.1 (11)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−82%−77%
Trend gradient (p value)−0.023 (0.001)−0.007 (0.057)
Other unintentional injuries1982–19861.73 (1.01 to 2.94)1.5 (38)0.8 (21)
1987–19912.04 (1.08 to 3.85)1.2 (30)0.6 (14)
1992–19961.78 (0.71 to 4.46)0.5 (13)0.3 (7)
1997–20015.40 (1.58 to 18.43)0.7 (17)0.1 (3)
2002–20062.15 (0.66 to 6.97)0.4 (9)0.2 (4)
Subtotal1982–20062.08 (1.49 to 2.92)0.9 (107)0.4 (49)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−73−78
Trend gradient (p value)−0.054 (0.000)−0.035 (0.001)
Intentional*1982–19861.70 (0.95 to 3.02)1.2 (32)0.7 (18)
1987–19910.92 (0.56 to 1.51)1.3 (31)1.4 (32)
1992–19961.70 (1.06 to 2.73)2.0 (48)1.1 (27)
1997–20011.41 (0.83 to 2.39)1.4 (34)1.0 (23)
2002–20061.18 (0.62 to 2.23)0.9 (21)0.8 (17)
Subtotal1982–20061.35 (1.07 to 1.72)1.4 (166)1 (117)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–2006−23%10%
Trend gradient (p value)−0.007 (0.672)−0.004 (0.868)
Suicide1982–19860.95 (0.19 to 4.73)0.1 (3)0.1 (3)
1987–19910.95 (0.19 to 4.73)0.1 (3)0.1 (3)
1992–199616.28 (2.17 to 122.36)0.7 (17)0.0 (1)
1997–20010.95 (0.33 to 2.72)0.3 (7)0.3 (7)
2002–20062.86 (0.77 to 10.57)0.4 (9)0.1 (3)
Subtotal1982–20062.19 (1.24 to 3.87)0.3 (39)0.2 (17)
% change from 1982–1986 to 2002–200624818
Trend gradient (p value)0.016 (0.053)0.005 (0.398)
  • Significant ratios (relative to unity) are shown in bold.

  • *Includes murder, suicide and injuries of undetermined intent.

  • †Suicide includes injuries of undetermined intent in age group 10–14 years (n = 3) but not in age groups 0 and 1–4 years (n = 2 and 5, respectively). Not applicable to age group 5–9 years (n = 0).