Table 1 Comparison between children with delayed diagnosis and immediate referral
Delayed diagnosis (n = 21)Immediate referral (n = 78)p Value
Age (years)0.78
    Median10.510.5
    Range1.3–15.50.9–15.9
Gender0.32
    Male9 (42.8%)45 (57.6%)
    Female12 (57.2%)33 (42.4%)
Race0.17
    UK white12 (57.2%)58 (74.4%)
    Others9 (42.8%)20 (25.6%)
Symptom duration (days)0.03
    Median2921
    Range3–900–180
DKA at presentation11 (52.3%)16 (20.5%)0.005
Admission14 (66.6%)23 (29.5%)0.004
Duration of stay (days)0.54
    Median2.52.0
    Range1–411–9
Initial blood glucose (mmol/l)0.07
    Median28.023.2
    Range14.9–53.111.3–53.9
HbA1c at diagnosis0.01
    Median12.510.9
    Range9.8–15.16.8–18.8
Blood pH at diagnosis0.002
    Median7.197.38
    Range6.7–7.46.9–7.5
  • DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis.