Table 1 Characteristics of children according to body mass index percentile and sex
BoysGirls
Body mass indexBody mass index
<85th percentile>85th <95th percentile⩾95th percentile<85th percentile>85th <95th percentile⩾95th percentile
n = 128n = 57n = 63n = 127n = 56n = 57
Age (years)11.3 (1.1)11.4 (1.1)11.3 (1.2)11.4 (1.1)11.2 (1.2)11.3 (1.2)
Weight (kg)39.6 (8.1)49.7 (6.7)63.6 (12.9)*40.6 (9.5)50.9 (9.0)67.0 (14.3)*
BMI (kg/m2)17.9 (2.4)21.8 (1.3)27.7 (6.9)*18.1 (2.1)22.3 (1.3)28.3 (3.4)*
Waist circumference (cm)65.0 (8.7)73.2 (6.4)84.7 (11.0)*65.3 (7.4)76.7 (6.6)92.3 (10.5)
Total body fat (kg)11.1 (5.2)15.9 (4.01)23.8 (7.0)*10.6 (3.9)15.7 (6.5)25.5 (8.9)*
Body fat (%)26.1 (7.5)29.9 (5.1)36.5 (5.0)*25.2 (7.7)28.7 (9.8)38.9 (8.6)*
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)98.6 (14.9)101.7 (19.2)105.2 (17.9)103.1 (17.5)100.6 (19.1)109.8 (16.1)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)54.3 (11.5)56.2 (12.0)62.5 (12.0)*55.9 (12.7)59.3 (13.9)65.4 (12.6)*
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)89.6 (12.0)90.3 (13.3)95.1 (15.4)90.3 (13.3)93.7 (11.8)96.1 (11.6)
Fasting insulin (μU/ml)7.7 (4.3)10.8 (5.8)19.0 (13.1)*7.2 (4.9)9.1 (3.5)19.4 (22.0)*
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)54.2 (15.3)53.3 (23.0)46.8 (11.3)*55.1 (14.3)53.3 (23.0)45.6 (11.7)*
Triglycerides (mg/dl)81.6 (45.3)88.5 (35.5)121.3 (65.1)*74.7 (35.8)100.1 (63.1)125.3 (60.2)*
Magnesium (mg/dl)2.1 (0.5)2.0 (0.5)2.0 (0.4)2.0 (0.5)1.9 (0.6)1.9 (0.5)
hsCRP (mg/l)3.4 (8.3)7.3 (11.3)7.5 (13.7)*4.6 (8.7)6.9 (11.3)8.7 (12.9)*
  • Values are mean (SD). *p<0.05 using one-way ANOVA test.