Table 2 Number of children (%) classified by treatment outcome and S pneumoniae in vitro susceptibility to penicillin (CLSI/NCCLS interpretative standards)
Treatment outcomeSusceptibleIntermediateResistantTotalP
All children (n = 240)0.75*
    Success94 (78)49 (77)46 (82)189 (79)
    Failure26 (22)15 (23)10 (18)51 (21)
Children without pleural effusion on admission (n = 111)0.87*
    Success48 (86)29 (91)20 (87)97 (87)
    Failure8 (14)3 (9)3 (13)14 (13)
Children with pleural effusion on admission (n = 129)0.37*
    Success46 (72)20 (63)26 (79)92 (71)
    Failure18 (28)12 (37)7 (21)37 (29)
  • *Fisher’s exact test.