Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study children
CharacteristicSeverepneumonia(n = 189)Very severepneumonia(n = 62)Total(n = 251)
Source of patients
    Radda Clinic172 (91)54 (87)226 (90)
    ICHSH17 (9)8 (13)25 (10)
Male123 (65)36 (58)159 (63)
Age (months)*7 (6)6 (8)7 (7)
    Infants (2–11 months)157 (83)55 (89)212 (84)
    12–59 months32 (17)7 (11)39 (16)
Breastfed170 (90)58 (93)228 (91)
History
    Cough189 (100)60 (97)249 (99)
    Fever167 (88)56 (90)223 (89)
    Difficulty in breathing64 (34)20 (32)84 (33)
    Rapid (fast) breathing125 (66)44 (71)169 (67)
    Lower chest wall indrawing122 (65)42 (68)164 (65)
    Inability to drink†039 (63)39 (16)
    Stop feeding well†010 (16)10 (4)
    Cyanosis†01 (1.6)1 (0.4)
    Stridor in calm child†03 (5)3 (1.2)
    Abnormally sleepy/difficult to wake†013 (21)13 (5)
    Vomiting4 (2)5 (8)9 (3.6)
    Diarrhoea7 (4)2 (3)9 (3.6)
Weight (kg)*6.1 (1.8)5.5 (1.7)6 (1.8)
Height (cm)*63 (8)60 (8)63 (8)
Weight-for-age Z score*−1.34 (1.38)−1.4 (1.3)−1.36 (1.37)
Weight-for-height Z score*−0.56 (0.98)−0.38 (0.93)−0.52 (0.97)
  • Unless otherwise indicated, values are number (%).

  • *Mean (SD).

  • †Danger signs of very severe pneumonia (four children had two danger signs of very severe pneumonia).

  • ICHSH, Institute of Child Health and Shishu Sasthya Foundation Hospital.