Table 1 Overview of height-screening programmes
Study detailsSelection procedureNo. measured (% of eligible)Gender – no. males (%) and ethnicityMeasured age(s)
Agwu (2004), UK28All children in one school year (Sept 1999 to Aug 2000) in the Sandwell district (87 schools) were eligible3474 (90%)1729 (50%)A single measurement of reception-class children aged 4 to 5
Caucasian 75%
Other ethnicity 25%
Ahmed (1995), UK30All Oxfordshire children measured as part of their routine development checks were eligible. The study took place from 1988 to 199420 338 (66%)11 808 (58%)A single measurement of two groups of children, aged 3 years (n = 11 603) and 4.5 years (n = 11 477).2742 of these children were measured at both ages to determine height velocity
Aszkenasy (2005), UK34Audit of all children in the area measured as per routine school-entry height-monitoring policy over three school entry years: (1999–2001)9338 (83%)NRA single measurement of three cohorts of children at primary-school entry
Banerjee (2003), UK18Audit of all children born between September 1992 and August 1993 and measured in the school year September 1998 to August 1999 in the Rhondda and Taff Ely area1592 (68%)NRA single measurement of children aged around 6 years (range 5 years 3 months to 6 years 8 months)
Cernerud (1994), Sweden36Random samples of school classes receiving routine health-surveillance height monitoring were selected7129 (NR)NRA single measurement of two groups of children, aged 10 (n = 3239) and 14 (n = 3890)
de la Puente (1999), Spain29Primary care teams linked to three hospitals in the province of Barcelona were invited to participate. The eight that elected to participate had to screen all children born between 1986 and 1987 under their jurisdiction2084 (45%)1093 (52%)A single measurement of a group of children aged between 5 and 8: aged 5 years (n = 10), 6 years (n = 811), 7 years (n = 1234) and 8 years (n = 26)
Hearn (1995), UK37All primary and secondary school entrants in Hackney over three school entry years (1990–1992) were eligible9549 (79%)NRA single measurement of two groups of children. Primary school entrants had a mean age of 5 years 3 months (n = 6421). Secondary school entrants group had a mean age of 11 years 8 months (n = 3128)
Keller (2002), Germany38Height data submitted over a two-year period from Sept 1998 by paediatricians in practice, or in paediatric group practice or public health school physicians participating in the CrescNet collaborative network were eligible60 984 (NR)31 021 (51%)Data were reported for children and adolescents who had been measured at least once. Males had a mean age of 8.15 years (range 0–18.77 years) and females had a mean age of 8.3 years (range 0–19.28 years)
Lacey (1974), UK35All children born during 1960–62 to mothers living in Newcastle were eligible2256 (45%)NRA single height measurement at the age of 10
Lindsay (1994), US31Schools from the state of Utah were randomly selected and invited to participate. 251 schools representing 38/40 school districts agreed and were required to measure all children from kindergarten to fifth grade11 4881 (81%)59 087 (51%)Serial measurements were taken to assess height and growth velocity. The first measurement was of children aged between 5 and 11. 79 495 of these children participated in the second measurement 12 months later.
Vimpani (1981), UK33All second and third year (and fourth in Aberdeen) primary-school pupils attending education authority and some independent schools in Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen were screened over 5 months in 1975–648 221 (NR)24 670 (51%)A single height measurement of children aged between 6 and 9 years.
Voss (1992), UK32All children in the districts of Winchester and Southampton entering local authority primary schools in two consecutive years (1985/7) were eligible14 346 (100%)NRSingle height measurement in children at school entry aged 5