Table 1

 Worldwide burden of acute malnutrition

RegionUnder-5 population,2000 (000’s)Wasting, prevalence (%)*Wasting, numbers (000’s)Annual mortality, numbers
Moderate and severeSevere⩽2 z scores,WFH, total⩽3 z scores,WFH, totalBetween −2 and −3 z scores, WFH*⩽3 z scores,WFH†⩽2 z scores,total
Under-5 population and prevalence of wasting from UNICEF global database on child malnutrition, 2001.12 CEE, Central and Eastern Europe; CIS, Commonwealth of Independent States (an alliance of 11 former Soviet Republics).
*Moderate mortality rate = 76/1000/year (average of nine studies, range 30–148/1000) for children with <80% weight-for-height (WFH) or −2 z scores.14
†Severe mortality rate = 132/1000/year (average of five studies, range 73–187/1000 for children with middle upper arm circumference (MUAC) <110 mm.14
Sub-Saharan Africa106 39410310 6393192565 768421 767987 535
Middle East and North Africa44 478723113890168 942117 546286 489
South Asia166 56615224 98533311 644 950440 2012 085 151
East Asia and Pacific159 45446378484 528484 528
Latin America and Caribbean54 80920109683 27383 273
CEE/CIS and Baltic States30 02041120130068 41639 668108 084
Industrialised countries50 655
Developing countries546 4719249 18210 9292 905 9511 444 2144 350 164
Least developed countries110 45810211 0462209671 290291 918963 208
Total707 58460 22813 1393 577 2411 736 1325 313 373