Table 2

 Clinical features at presentation and treatment

Clinical features0–15 years,n = 711Infants,n = 103(14%)*Children,n = 608(86%)*
n (%)n (%)n (%)
*Infants are <1 year old and children are ⩾1 year old.
Preadmission antibiotics214 (30)23 (22)191 (31)
Mild disease155 (22)15 (15)140 (23)
Moderate disease138 (19)15 (15)123 (20)
Severe disease418 (59)73 (71)345 (57)
Mild admitted102 (66)10 (67)92 (66)
Moderate admitted138 (100)15 (100)123 (100)
Severe admitted403 (94)73 (99)330 (92)
Dyspnoea310 (44)56 (54)254 (42)
Sao2 <93%213 (30)36 (35)177 (29)
Temperature >38°C435 (61)52 (50)383 (63)
Lobar CXR141 (20)23 (22)118 (19)
Patchy CXR435 (61)58 (56)377 (62)
Perihilar CXR127 (18)20 (19)107 (18)
Effusion (includes empyema)65 (9)3 (3)62 (11)
Empyema24 (3)1 (1)23 (4)
Oxygen276 (39)54 (52)222 (37)
    Days given, median (IQR)2 (1, 4)4 (2, 6)2 (1, 3)
    Range1–571–381–57
IV fluid147 (21)33 (32)114 (19)
    Days given, median (IQR)2 (1, 3)2 (1, 4)2 (1, 3)
    Range1–211–211–20
Nasogastric feed61 (9)30 (29)31 (5)
    Days given, median (IQR)4 (2, 10)4 (2, 8.5)4.5 (2, 13)
    Range1–281–281–28
Antibiotics given682 (96)96 (93)586 (96)
    IV antibiotics501 (70)73 (71)428 (70)
        Days given, median (IQR)2 (2, 4)3 (2, 4)2 (2, 4)
        Range1–221–121–22
    Oral antibiotics564 (79)77 (75)487 (80)
        Days given, median (IQR)6 (5, 7)6 (5, 7)6 (5, 7)
        Range1–901–211–90