Table 2

 Comparison of depressed and non-depressed groups with respect to household assets, source of water supply, type of latrine facility, type of obstetric care and sociodemographic characteristics

Depressed (n = 130)Not depressed (n = 135)χ2*p Value
*Mann–Whitney U in case of median.
Values are n (%) or median (IQR).
Household assets
    Electricity129 (99)132 (98)0.9400.3
    Television48 (37)61 (45)1.8670.1
    Refrigerator14 (11)18 (13)0.4100.5
    Bicycle19 (14)13 (10)1.5500.2
Working on own or family’s agricultural land54 (41)51 (38)0.3910.5
Source of water supply
    Well without electric pump87 (67)91 (67)0.0070.9
    Well with electric pump31 (24)36 (27)0.2780.6
    Public tap or piped on to property12 (9)8 (6)1.0360.3
Type of latrine facility
    Toilet with flush58 (44)61 (45)0.0080.9
    Field or bush69 (53)71 (52)0.0060.9
    Bucket3 (2)3 (2)0.0020.9
Delivery care
    Birth attended by a family member72 (55)76 (56)0.2230.8
    Birth attended by a traditional birth attendant27 (20)24 (18)0.5820.4
    Birth attended by medically trained personnel33 (25)33 (24)0.0610.8
Sociodemographic
    Mothers employed outside home3 (2)8 (6)2.1390.1
    Mothers with no formal education61 (47)54 (40)1.2920.2
    Mothers’ age (years)26 (24–30)26 (24–30)–1.6060.1