Table 2

 Plasma levels of glucose, metabolites, and hormones in children with KH compared to control subjects at the end of the fast

End of fast
KHControl
*p < 0.05, **p < 0.006.
NEFA, non-esterified fatty acids; GH, growth hormone.
Glucose (mmol/l)3.08±0.403.60±0.69
Insulin (mU/l)0.875±0.25*3.55±3.04*
Lactate (mmol/l)0.85±0.180.87±0.55
Pyruvate (mmol/l)0.05±0.0040.047±0.023
Acetoacetate (mmol/l)0.60±0.14**0.20±0.15**
3-hydroxyutyrate (mmol/l)2.14±1.01*0.82±0.49*
NEFA (mmol/l)1.40±0.401.50±0.95
Cortisol (nmol/l)542.25±208.9410.50±421.2
GH (mU/l)11.83±4.7216.33±9.98