Table 3

 Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli counts as colony forming units (CFU) per gram fresh stool on three consecutive examination days

GOS/FOS formulaPlacebo formulap value
Data are presented as median (interquartile range).
n (m/f)5044
At start of the study
    Bifidobacteria (CFU/g stool)*8.17 (2.3)8.33 (2.4)ns
    Lactobacilli (CFU/g stool)*4.70 (0.0)4.70 (0.6)0.040
At 3 months of age
    Bifidobacteria (CFU/g stool)*9.56 (0.9)8.30 (1.1)<0.0001
    Lactobacilli (CFU/g stool)*6.04 (1.5)6.12 (2.1)ns
At 6 months of age
    Bifidobacteria (CFU/g stool)*10.28 (0.7)8.65 (1.2)<0.0001
    Lactobacilli (CFU/g stool)*5.99 (3.6)5.90 (2.0)ns