Table 1

 Most relevant clinical data of the study population

GOS/FOS formulaPlacebo formulap value
*Data are presented as mean±SD.
Enrolled (n) (m/f)129 (65/64)130 (63/67)ns
Completed (n) (m/f)102 (52/50)104 (49/55)ns
Age of mother (years)*30.0±5.729.0±5.3ns
Number of births*1.53±0.711.57±0.77ns
Vaginal delivery (n(%))72 (70.6)69 (66.3)ns
Infants with parental history of allergy: only mother (n)6971ns
Infants with parental history of allergy: only father (n)2827ns
Infants with bi-parental history of allergy (n)56ns
Birth weight (g)*3344±4563376±482ns
Birth length (cm)*49.2±1.549.4±1.9ns
Birth head circumference (cm)*34.4±1.234.6±1.2ns
Age at first bottle feeding (days)*11.2±7.011.8±9.2ns
Age at full bottle feeding (days)*21.2±10.121.5±9.2ns
Weight gain 0–6 months (g/day)*27.4±4.126.4±3.7ns
Length gain 0–6 months (cm/week)*0.75±0.140.74±0.10ns
Head circumference gain 0–6 months (cm/week)*0.33±0.040.34±0.05ns