Table 1

 Risk factors for caries in children

Low riskHigh risk
Taken from 1997 UK National Clinical Guidelines in Paediatric Dentistry (Prevention of dental caries in children).43
SocioeconomicMother’s education: secondary, tertiaryMother’s education: secondary
Good attendance patternPoor attendance pattern
Family: nuclear, higher social class (I, II, III), employmentFamily: single parent, social deprivation, unemployment
General healthGood general healthChronic illness
MedicationNo sugar containing medicationSugar containing medication
Oral hygieneRegular brushing twice per day with assistanceIrregular brushing without assistance
Good oral hygienePoor oral hygiene
DietLess than 3 sugary intakes/day3 or more sugar intakes per day
Fluoride experienceRegular brushing with fluoride toothpasteIrregular brushing with fluoride toothpaste
Optimally fluoridated water supplyNo fluoridated water supply
Past caries experiencedmft/DMFT less ⩽1dmft/DMFT ⩾5
No initial lesions⩾10 initial lesions
Caries free molars at 6–8 y of ageCaries in first permanent molars at 6 y of age
3 year caries increment <33 year caries increment greater ⩾3
Orthodontic treatmentNo appliance therapyFixed appliance therapy