Table 3

 Developmental findings by group

Group
Physical abuseNormal comparison
M, mean; SD, standard deviation; SE, standard error.
*p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.
Cognitive outcome*
    M85.2295.82
    SD18.507.37
    Mdiff10.66
    SEdiff4.56
Motor skills**
    M81.53100.47
    SD19.5016.13
    Mdiff18.94
    SEdiff5.80
Expressive language***
    M81.53102.63
    SD20.2814.40
    Mdiff21.10
    SEdiff5.71
Receptive language**
    M80.0595.58
    SD17.8812.76
    Mdiff15.53
    SEdiff5.04
Adaptive behaviour
Composite score
    M83.9394.89
    SD15.6713.12
    Mdiff10.96
    SEdiff4.64
Communication
    M89.0093.74
    SD17.018.66
    Mdiff4.74
    SEdiff4.21
Daily living skills
    M89.5399.26
    SD16.7913.74
    Mdiff9.73
    SEdiff4.79
Socialisation
    M88.6796.21
    SD15.0114.86
    Mdiff7.54
    SEdiff4.84
Motor skills***
    M81.6097.17
    SD11.7412.81
    Mdiff15.57
    SEdiff4.00
Child behaviour
Distractibility/hyperactivity
    M103.45102.40
    SD13.2016.35
    Mdiff1.05
    SEdiff4.88
Adaptability
    M105.55105.80
    SD15.1516.09
    Mdiff0.25
    SEdiff5.12
Reinforces parent
    M94.44101.05
    SD11.9815.15
    Mdiff6.61
    SEdiff4.51
Demandingness
    M105.5598.35
    SD14.1015.00
    Mdiff7.20
    SEdiff4.73
Acceptability
    M100.2899.70
    SD15.9016.95
    Mdiff0.58
    SEdiff5.37