Table 3

 Prevalence figures for bruising in abused children

Lynch28% of school age children with child abuse who have an injury had bruising
Galleno32% of children with confirmed physical child abuse have bruises
Johnson–Showers56% of children under 17 years with suspected child abuse have bruises
Smith–Hanson82% of 134 “battered” children under 5 years old, admitted to hospital had bruises
Mcmahon92% of 371 children (0–18 years) with suspected child abuse had soft tissue injuries, 62% of these injuries were bruises
98% of 44 infants with suspected child abuse had bruises
Worlock72% of children under 5 years with non-accidental fracture had bruising
Atwel71% of children with fatal non-accidental head injury have bruises