Table 2

 Distribution of bruises with respect to age and development when stated

Distribution of bruises described according to age
AuthorOutcome measureNo. bruises/no. childrenAge groupDistribution
CarpenterNo. bruises at each site32/226–12 monthsFace and head25
Shins7
TushNo. bruises at each169/303–4 yearsLegs149
siteArms10
Left trunk7
Forehead1
Buttocks2
MortimerNo. bruises at each site12/6Under 1 yearFace and head4
Shins7
Arm1
Distribution of bruises described according to development
AuthorOutcome measureNo. childrenDevelopmentDistribution
SugarNo. children with bruises at each site511Pre-cruisersAnt tibia/knee3
Forehead3
Scalp3
Upper leg1
101CruisersAnt tibia/knee12
Forehead3
Scalp5
Upper leg1
318WalkersAnt tibia/knee142
Forehead18
Scalp2
Upper leg13
Wedgwood% of total bruising at each site11No better than crawling0
8CruisersKnees shins86%
Head14%
16Walk on flat/crawl upstairsKnees/shins68%
Head11%
Arms13%
Lower back0
37Walking/walk upstairs both feet on stairKnees/shins62%
Head5%
Arms25%
Lower back5%
13WalkersKnees/shins49%
Head11%
Arms17%
Lower back18%
MortimerNo. children with bruise at each site4Crawlers and pre-crawlersHead and face3
Arm1
2WalkersShins2
Fore head1