Table 3

 Evidence base for heart and respiration rate values

First authorYearnAge rangeComments
Quetelet171842UnknownUnknownUnknown numbers and ages; 160 year old data
Shock2619445511–17Small numbers; examined in laboratory; limited age range
Iliff1819521880–18One mile altitude; children asleep and awake
Cook191955250–1/12Limited age range
Nelson201962380–1/12Limited age range
Voors2198235905–17No reference ranges presented; examined in laboratory
Marks3119934161–7Measured by thermocouple; sleeping and awake
Rusconi2419946180–3Limited age range