Table 1

 Cerebral palsy and socioeconomic status literature

StudyTypeComparisonSES measureResults
Dowding Ireland 1976–8113Retrospective population based studyCP v live birthsRGSCIncreased risk among disadvantaged
Stanley Australia 1966–7514Retrospective population based studyCP v total populationFather’s occupationIncreased risk among disadvantaged
Nelson USA 1959–6615Prospective cohort studyCP v non CPScore based on occupation and incomeNo association
Emond UK 1958 and 197016Prospective study of 2 cohorts—nested case-controlCP v matched controlsRGSCNo association
Lagergren Sweden 1969–7017Retrospective population based studyCP v total Swedish populationSocial groupHighest prevalence in highest social group
Dolk N. Ireland 1977–8918Retrospective population based studyCP v birthsElectoral ward quintiles using TDINo association
Dolk UK 1984–9019Retrospective population based studyCP v births CP at age 5 v 1–7 year oldsElectoral ward quintiles using Carstairs IndexIncreased risk in disadvantaged