Table 2

Millennium development goals

The global challenge
1Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerTarget for 2015: Halve the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day and those who suffer from hunger
2Achieve universal primary educationTarget for 2015: Ensure that all boys and girls complete primary school
3Promote gender equality and empower womenTargets for 2005 and 2015: Eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
4Reduce child mortalityTarget for 2015: Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under 5
5Improve maternal healthTarget for 2015: Reduce by three quarters the ratio of women dying in childbirth
6Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseasesTarget for 2015: Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
7Ensure environmental sustainability Targets:
• Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
• By 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water
• By 2020 achieve significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
8Develop a global partnership for development Targets:
• Develop further an open trading and financial system that includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction—nationally and internationally
• Address the least developed countries’ special needs, and the special needs of landlocked and small island developing states
• Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems
• Develop decent and productive work for youth
• In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
• In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies—especially information and communications technologies