Table 1

 Clinical and echocardiographic data of 40 children with nephrotic syndrome compared with controls

Patients with NS (n = 40)Controls (n = 40)p value
Data are presented as mean (SD).
BSA, body surface area; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; LVEDD, left ventricular end diastolic dimension; RVEDD, right ventricular end diastolic dimension; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; NS, nephrotic syndrome; PA, pulmonary artery; PAT, pulmonary arterial flow acceleration time; RVET, right ventricular ejection time.
Age (years)7.1 (3.1)7.1 (3.1)0.738
BSA (m2)0.91 (0.22)0.90 (0.20)0.983
Heart rate (beats/min)96 (18)92 (13)0.245
SBP (mm Hg)108 (13)93 (9)<0.001
DBP (mm Hg)71 (11)60 (8)<0.001
Left atrial dimension (mm)24.3 (3.0)20.7 (2.6)<0.001
LVEDD (mm)36.9 (4.5)36.9 (4.4)0.988
RVEDD (mm)12.0 (2.2)10.9 (2.3)0.038
LVEF (%)70.8 (4.8)68.3 (8.0)0.181
PA flow velocity (m/s)1.01 (0.14)1.00 (0.14)0.841
PAT (ms)98 (20)114 (28)0.007
RVET (ms)290 (31)295 (24)0.409
PAT/RVET0.34 (0.07)0.39 (0.09)0.007