Table 4

STAI scores pre- and post-intervention

Results expressed as mean (SE).
*Significantly different between pre- and post-intervention. The STAI score improved significantly in the swaddling group (p = 0.01).
†Significantly different between the two groups. The mean difference of the STAI score was significantly greater in the swaddling group than in the massage group (p = 0.04).
Pre-intervention44.3 (2.3)44.2 (2.4)
Post-intervention39.2 (2.0)*44.8 (2.2)
Mean difference−5.1 (1.9)†0.7 (2.1)