Table 2

 Health characteristics of abandoned street boys and girls, and formerly abandoned street children in the Alalay and Marcelina orphanages

CharacteristicStreet boys (n = 85)Street girls (n = 39)Comparison of street boys and street girls*Street children (n = 124)Orphanage (n = 35)Comparison of street and orphanage children*
*The two p values p1/p2 are from tests without controlling for age (p1) and with controlling for age (p2).
Report of a health problemn = 85n = 39p = 0.003/0.007n = 124n = 35p<0.001/<0.001
    Yes37 (44%)29 (74%)66 (53%)7 (20%)
Use of paint thinnern = 75n = 35p = 0.24/0.35n = 110n = 27p<0.001/<0.001
    Yes65 (87%)32 (91%)97 (88%)11 (41%)
Duration of paint thinner usen = 53n = 28p = 0.57/0.21n = 81n = 10p = 0.002/0.020
    <1 mth4 (8%)3 (11%)7 (9%)4 (40%)
    1 mth–1 y11 (21%)4 (14%)15 (18%)5 (50%)
    2–5 y30 (57%)14 (50%)44 (54%)1 (10%)
    6–15 y8 (15%)7 (25%)15 (18%)0 (0%)
    Average duration of use, y (SD)3.3 (2.8)3.7 (3.0)3.5 (2.9)0.5 (0.9)
Use of glue adhesiven = 69n = 31p = 0.27/0.42n = 100n = 27p = 0.0027/0.012
    Yes25 (36%)15 (48%)40 (40%)3 (11%)
Duration of glue adhesive usen = 15n = 9p = 0.14/0.40n = 24n = 0N/A
    <1 mth0 (0%)1 (11%)1 (4%)
    1 month–1 y5 (33%)0 (0%)5 (21%)
    2–5 y9 (60%)4 (44%)13 (54%)
    6–15 y1 (7%)4 (44%)5 (21%)
    Average duration of use, y (SD)2.7 (2.2)4.4 (3.4)3.4 (2.6)N/A
Use of alcoholn = 73n = 33p = 0.24/0.21n = 106n = 26p<0.001/0.0025
    Yes41 (56%)20 (61%)61 (58%)3 (12%)
Duration of alcohol usen = 19n = 12p = 0.70/0.67n = 31n = 0N/A
    <1 mth1 (5%)1 (8%)2 (6%)
    1 mth–1 y5 (26%)2 (17%)7 (23%)
    2–5 y10 (53%)6 (50%)16 (52%)
    6–15 y3 (16%)3 (25%)6 (19%)
    Average duration of use, y (SD)3.2 (3.0)3.6 (2.9)3.3 (3.0)N/A
Physical abusen = 71n = 33p = 0.51/0.29n = 104n = 27p = 0.0071/0.045
    Yes61 (86%)27 (82%)88 (85%)16 (59%)
Perpetrator of physical abusen = 58n = 26p = 0.59/0.43n = 84n = 16p = 0.96/0.21
    Street children21 (36%)9 (35%)30 (36%)5 (31%)
    Relative18 (31%)8 (31%)26 (31%)6 (38%)
    Police14 (24%)4 (15%)18 (21%)3 (19%)
    Self5 (9%)5 (19%)10 (12%)2 (12%)
Sexual abusen = 45n = 29p = 0.0019/0.15n = 74n = 27p = 0.26/0.85
    Yes4 (9%)11 (38%)15 (20%)3 (11%)
Problems with the policen = 66n = 26p = 0.15/N/An = 92n = 26p<0.001/<0.001
    Yes61 (92%)26 (100%)87 (95%)10 (38%)
Beat with sticks by the policen = 62n = 24p = 0.24/0.74n = 86n = 1N/A
    Yes54 (87%)23 (96%)77 (90%)1 (100%)