Table 2

 Prevalence and prognostic ability of delayed capillary refill in common childhood illnesses

Admission syndromeCases, nCRT >3 s (%)Survivors with dCRT/total survivors (%)Deaths with dCRT/total deaths (%)χ2pLikelihood ratio* (95% CI)
Secondary diagnoses: malaria (34 GE, 64 ARI, 26 malnutrition); ARI (23 GE, 22 anaemia 19); malnutrition (GE 26, ARI 16, anaemia 19); and gastroenteritis (anaemia 6, ARI 22).
*Positive likelihood ratios.
†Fisher’s exact test.
Malaria1654102 (6)90/1609 (6)12/45 (27)34<0.00014.8 (2.6 to 8.7)
M A42470 (17)68/418 (16)2/6 (33)1.2†0.262.0 (0.5 to 8.3)
ARI86231 (4)30/843 (4)1/19 (5)0.12†0.51.5 (0.2 to 12.9)
Malnutrition37353 (14)34/292 (12)19/81 (24)7.30.0072.0 (1.2 to 3.5)
Gastroenteritis62047 (8)43/602 (7)4/18 (22)5.7†0.043.1 (1.1 to 8.7)
Anaemia14739 (27)35/141 (25)4/6 (67)5.20.042.7 (1 to 7.5)
Meningitis590 (0)0/53 (0)0/6 (0)
Sepsis214 (19)2/13 (15)2/8 (25)0.3†0.61.63 (0.23 to 11.6)
Total4160346 (8)302/3971 (8)44/189 (23)58<0.00013.06 (2.24 to 4.21)