Table 2

Summary of common presenting symptoms of psychological disorders in refugee children

Post-traumatic stress disorder
Persistent avoidance of stimuli: specific fears; fear of being alone; withdrawal
Re-experiencing aspects of the trauma: nightmares; visual images; feelings of fear and helplessness
Persistent symptoms of increased arousal: easily aroused; disorganised and agitated behaviour; lack of concentration
Other anxiety symptoms
Marked anxiety and worry: irritability, restlessness
Other sleep disorders
Somatic symptoms including headaches and abdominal pain
Low mood
Loss of interest or pleasure
Declining school performance
Conduct disorders