Table 1

Patient details and benzodiazepine doses

CaseAge (y)Wt (kg)DiagnosisWhere treatedDrugDose (mg/kg)RouteTime between doses (min)
*The times were not well documented. In the second event, an approximate time could be inferred from the information given.
** EMS, emergency medical services. Medication provided by paramedical staff en route to hospital.
IV, intravenous; PR, per rectum; SL, sublingual.
1417Trisomy 22ERLorazepam0.03IV
2627First seizureERDiazepam0.185IV
ERDiazepam0.185IV15
3850EpilepsyHomeLorazepam0.05SL
ERLorazepam0.1IVUnknown*
3851.8EpilepsyHomeLorazepam0.048SL
ERLorazepam0.048SL∼30*
41 8Developmental delay/complicated febrile seizureERLorazepam0.06PR
Lorazepam0.03IV10
Lorazepam0.06PR4
41 8Developmental delay/complicated febrile seizureHomeLorazepam0.025PR
ERLorazepam0.05IV39
ERLorazepam0.075IV13
52.511First unprovoked seizureERLorazepam0.1IV
6954Dandy-Walker/ VP shuntEMS**Diazepam0.09IV
Lorazepam0.05IV102
Lorazepam0.05IV5