Table 1

Prevalence of coeliac disease in diabetes mellitus found in screening studies in children

Ref.YearCountryNo.Screen+ve screenNo. biopsiedCD by biopsyPrevalence
*Three patients with negative serology biopsied on clinical grounds and all had coeliac disease.
Numbers in brackets indicate patients with coeliac disease diagnosed before screening.
81984Finland215ARA99 4 (+1)1:43 2.3%
91986Finland201AGA 71:29 3.5%
ARA
101987Italy146AGA99 51:29 3.4%
111988Germany1032AGA179 2 (+8)1:103 0.97%
121991Italy498AGA3022161:31 3.2%
131992Australia180AGA1918 41:45 2.2%
141993Sweden436AGA282615 (+6)1:21 4.8%
ARA
151993USA211AEA103 31:70 1.4%
161994Australia273AEA55 51:55 1.8%
AGA
171996Finland776AGA3619191:41 2.4%
ARA
181996Italy133AGA66 51:27 3.7%
ARA
AEA
191996Italy172AGA77 61:29 3.5%
201996Algeria116AGA131316* (+3)1:616.4%
AEA
211996Spain141AGA1212 4 (+2)1:24 4.2%
221997Italy200AGA1411 81:25 4.0%
AEA
231998Canada236AEA1917121:20 5.0%
241998UK167AEA119 81:21 4.8%
AGA
251998Spain93AEA77 61:16 6.45%
AGA
261998Spain177AEA 3 (4)1:25 4.0%
AGA
271999Sweden115AEA96 5 (+2)1:16 6.2%
AGA
282000Austria403AEA1413 61:67 1.5%
AGA
292000Germany520AtTG2313 91:58 1.7%
AEA
AGA
302001Canada233AEA191814 (+4)1:13 7.7%
AtTG
312001USA218AEA1714101:22 4.6%
322001Denmark106AGA109 9 (+2)1:1010%
AEA
AtTG
332002Italy274EMA272016 (+1)1:16 6.2%