Table 6

Pattern of bacterial resistance to first line antibiotics used in meningitis

Resistance to antibiotics (%)
SerostatusTotal chloramphenicolPenicillin
*p = 0.006, †p = 0.05; no other significant differences.
HIV+13914 (10)40 (29)
HIV−24740 (16)86 (35)
HIV + H influenzae325 (16)9 (28)
HIV − H influenzae9917 (17)55 (55.5)
HIV + S pneumoniae893 (3.3)*19 (21)
HIV − S pneumoniae9716 (16)*14 (14)
HIV + Salmonella sp.104 (40)10 (100)†
HIV − Salmonella sp.153 (20)13 (89)†