Table 2

Pain scores, lower nasal swab versus nasopharyngeal swab

Lower nasal swabNasopharyngeal swab
Pain variablenMedianRangeMedianRangep value
Cry duration, seconds2550–55200–120<0.01
Oucher score12130–80150–100<0.01
Child facial coding system14100–5038.50–85<0.01