Table 2

Percentages of selected fatty acids in the serum phospholipids of controls and children with SCD

Fatty acidSCD subjects (n=72)Controls (n=68)p value
Results are expressed as mean (SD).
Palmitic acid (16:0)35.5 (3.05)33.2 (2.28)<0.001
Stearic acid (18:0)13.7 (4.59)13.8 (3.11)NS
Oleic acid (18:1 n-9)12.9 (2.36)11.6 (1.65)<0.001
Linoleic acid (18:2n-6)20.8 (4.51)21.6 (3.70)NS
Arachidonic acid (20:4n-6)7.41 (1.84)8.17 (2.06)0.018
α-linolenic acid (18:3n-3)0.23 (0.14)0.25 (0.11)NS
Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3)0.30 (0.21)0.63 (0.36)<0.001
Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3)0.33 (0.18)0.53 (0.18)<0.001
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3)1.65 (0.73)2.93 (0.92)<0.001