Table 4

Management strategies forAPDs

Management strategies Examples
Signal enhancement strategiesMinimise background noise
Minimise reverbation levels
Assistive listening devices:
– Personal FM systems
– Classroom FM systems
Auditory trainingFormal:
– Earobics
– Fast ForWord
–  Test driven auditory training in clinic
Informal:
– Vowel/consonant training
– Auditory directive tasks
– “Simon” game
Linguistic strategiesVocabulary building
Cognitive strategiesRIDER: Read, make an Image, Describe image, Evaluate for completeness, Repeat for next sentence