Table 1

Deficits and resulting symptoms and behaviours which characterise APDs

Auditory deficits in: Resulting symptoms and behaviours
Sound localisationPoor performance in confusing environments
Auditory pattern recognitionDifficulties following oral instructions
Auditory discriminationLanguage, reading, and spelling disorders
Temporal processing
Processing degraded auditory signalsDifficulties with rapid/degraded speech and with auditory closure
Processing the auditory signal when embedded in competing acoustic signalsDifficulties in background noise
Academic difficulties