Table 1-1
Citation Study group Study type (level of evidence) Outcome Key results Comments
Kesareeet al (1983)>100 babies with umbilical granuloma, all treated with saltProspective cohort (level 2b)Resolution of umbilical granuloma100% clearance of granuloma (95% CI 96.38% to 100%)Used salt crystals held in place with a swab for 5–10 minutes
No controls
Chamberlainet al (1992)3 infants treated with silver nitrate for an umbilical granulomaCase study (level 4)Adverse effectsSilver nitrate caused chemical burns to periumbilical area, causing a visit to an emergency departmentNo denominator