Table 1

Characteristics of patients on admission

Standard ORSHypo-osmolar ORS
Characteristics (n = 32) (n = 32)
Age (mth), mean (SD)22.5 (15.6)17.3 (9.7)
Weight on admission (kg), mean (SD)5.8 (1.6)5.7 (1.7)
Weight for age, no. (%)
 60–69%1 (3)2 (6)
 <60%31 (97)30 (94)
Duration of diarrhoea before admission (days), mean (SD)22 (8.0)21.3 (8.2)
Stool frequency/day, mean (SD)13 (4)15 (3)
Vomiting, no. (%)9 (28)8 (25)
Degree of dehydration
 “Some” dehydration, no. (%) 32 (100)32 (100)
 Serum sodium (mmol/l), mean (SD)129.7 (3.1)130.0 (3.3)
 Serum potassium (mmol/l), mean (SD)3.1 (0.3)3.1 (0.3)
 % weight loss, mean (SD)6.3 (2.1)6.1 (2.2)
Enteropathogens, no. (%)
 EnteropathogenicE coli 8 (25)7 (22)
 Rotavirus7 (22)8 (25)
Vibrio cholerae 3 (9)2 (6)
Shigella flexneri 2 (6)2 (6)
Salmonella typhimurium 2 (6)1 (3)
Giardia lamblia 2 (6)2 (6)
Aeromonus sp.1 (3)1 (3)
Klebsiella 1 (3)1 (3)
 Mixed pathogens4 (13)5 (16)
 No pathogens2 (6)3 (9)