Table 1

Baseline characteristics

IMM
n = 102 (%)
DEF
n = 90 (%)
Age (years)
 ⩽17 (6.9)9 (10.0)
  1–235 (34.3)30 (33.3)
  3–427 (26.5)20 (22.2)
 ⩾533 (32.4)31 (34.4)
Sex: male41 (40)38 (42)
Ethnicity
 White69 (67.7)64 (71.1)
 Black African23 (22.5)16 (17.8)
 Other1-150 10 (10.0)10 (11.1)
CDC clinical stage
 N 35 (34.3)33 (36.7)
 A38 (37.3)31 (34.4)
 B29 (28.5)26 (28.9)
CD4 count/mm3, median (IQR)775 (463–1367)935 (560–1340)
CD4%, median (IQR)25 (17–33)25 (19–31)
CD4 z score
 ⩽ −3 28 (27.5)18 (20.0)
 −3 to −217 (16.7)14 (15.6)
 −2 to −123 (22.6)30 (33.3)
 −1 to 021 (20.6)17 (18.9)
 ⩾ 013 (12.8)11 (12.2)
HIV-1 RNA log10 copies/ml, median (IQR)4.6 (3.6–5.1)1-160 4.6 (4.3–5.2)1-160
  • 1-150 Two Indian, 13 black/white Brazilian, two American Indian, one Indonesian, one white/black African, one unknown.

  • 1-160 69 children (34 IMM, 35 DEF).