Table 1

Classification of cystic renal disease

Autosomal recessive Autosomal dominant Cysts associated with syndromes
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD)Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)Autosomal recessive syndromesCystic dysplasia or dysplasia
Juvenile nephronophthisis (JN)Tuberous sclerosis (TS) X linked syndromesMulticystic dysplastic kidney
Medullary cystic disease (MC)Chromosomal disordersMedullary sponge kidney
Glomerulocystic diseaseLocalised cystic disease of the kidney
Simple cysts
Calyceal cyst
Multilocular cyst/multilocular cystic Wilms' tumour
Acquired cystic kidney disease (in chronic renal failure)