Table 3

Comparative sequential urinary lactulose and rhamnose excretion after nutritional rehabilitation

Group A (n = 49)
Treatment success
Group B (n = 14)
Treatment failure
Baseline
Lactulose excretion (%)30.4 (2.4 to 238.4)15.2 (1.7 to 134.6)
Rhamnose excretion (%)27.1 (1.0 to 132.9)22.7 (13.2 to 114.1)
Lactulose:rhamnose ratio0.12 (0.02 to 2.06)0.09 (0.00 to 0.67)
Day 7
Lactulose excretion (%)25.9 (3.6 to 96.5)31.7 (6.4 to 321.2)
Rhamnose excretion (%)37.0 (1.52 to 192.3)36.9 (6.8 to 178.5)
Lactulose:rhamnose ratio0.11 (0.02 to 0.91)0.10 (0.02 to 0.38)
Overall change
ΔLactulose excretion0.1 (−0.9 to 22.2)2.1 (0.7 to 20.2)3-150
ΔRhamnose excretion 0.3 (−0.9 to 35.6)0.4 (−0.8 to 10.9)
ΔLactulose:rhamnose ratio−0.25 (−0.97 to 5.28)0.93 (−0.61 to 8.48)**
  • Values are median (range).

  • 3-150 p < 0.05; **p < 0.001; Mann-Whitney U test.

  • Δ, overall increment.