Table 4

Unadjusted and adjusted5-150 odds ratio of dichotomous behaviour scores at 5 years of age as a function of reported hearing difficult

Socioeconomic status (grouped)AntisocialNeuroticHyperactivityPoor conduct
Unadjusted odds ratio
1 (most advantaged)1.561.921.301.61
 2 (average)1.651.451.691.49
 3 (most disadvantaged)1.441.441.751.40
 Overall (95% CI)1.41 (1.20 to 1.70)1.53 (1.27 to 1.80)1.53 (1.27 to 1.84)1.37 (1.13 to 1.66)
Adjusted5-150 odds ratio and 95% CI
1 (most advantaged)1.55 (0.90 to 2.66)2.05 (1.42 to 2.94)1.29 (0.81 to 2.04)1.61 (1.01 to 2.58)
 2 (average)1.26 (1.17 to 2.03)1.36 (1.04 to 1.82)1.61 (1.25 to 2.12)1.40 (1.06 to 1.86)
 3 (most disadvantaged)1.25 (0.88 to 1.76)1.36 (0.92 to 2.02)1.62 (1.16 to 2.28)1.23 (0.87 to 1.75)
 Overall 1.44 (1.18 to 1.76)1.52 (1.26 to 1.85)1.56 (1.29 to 1.89)1.37 (1.12 to 1.67)
p value for hearing difficulty0.0010.0000.000 0.003
  • Results are parent reported behaviour—defined at 90th centile of distribution of continuous scores.

  • 5-150 Adjusted for sex and maternal malaise. Overall odds ratio (combining all socioeconomic status groups) adjusted for sex, socioeconomic status, and maternal malaise (n = 12 534).