Table 2

Unadjusted and adjusted magnitude of effects of hearing difficulty and ear discharge on the continuous behaviour scores at 5 years of age

Middle ear disease markerAntisocialNeuroticHyperactivePoor conduct
Unadjusted magnitudes
 Hearing difficulty0.130.220.190.08
 Ear discharge0.150.200.130.14
Adjusted3-150 magnitudes and 95% CI
Hearing difficulty0.12 (0.06 to 0.18)0.20 (0.14 to 0.25)0.19 (0.12 to 0.25)0.07 (0.01 to 0.13)
 Ear discharge0.08 (0.03 to 0.13)0.14 (0.09 to 0.19)0.07 (0.02 to 0.13)0.07 (0.02 to 0.12)
  • Results are reported in SD units and are for parent reported behaviour (Rutter A scale).

  • 3-150 Adjusted for socioeconomic status, sex, and maternal malaise (n = 12 554).