Table 5

Selected discharge diagnoses in children presenting with breathing difficulty, fever or fit

PPV (%)Sensitivity of PP (%)Specificity of PP (%)
Presenting problem: breathing difficulty (n = 172)
 Asthma308581
 Croup209080
 Bronchiolitis177179
 URTI162476
 LRTI53876
Presenting problem: fever (n = 106)
 URTI373588
 Viral infection154187
 LRTI115086
 Specific infections212185
 Meningitis25085
Presenting problem: fit (n = 123)
 Fit269187
 Febrile convulsion439089
 Associated problem* 213084
 Viral infection2782
 Meningitis11783
  • 5-150 For example, cerebral palsy, epilepsy.

  • PP, presenting problem; PPV, positive predictive value; URTI, upper respiratory tract infection; LRTI, lower respiratory tract infection.