Table 2

Estimates of linear secular trends per annual cohort in height, weight, weight for height, and triceps skinfold thickness

SampleHeight (cm)Weight log10 (kg−9) ×10−3Weight for height log10 ((kg−9)/m3.7) ×10−3Triceps skinfold log10(mm) ×10−3
BoysGirlsBoysGirlsBoysGirlsBoysGirls
Representative
English white0.082  (0.016)0.088  (0.016)1.59  (0.28)2.03  (0.32)0.54  (0.18)1.02  (0.21)1.93  (0.38)1.22  (0.37)
Scottish white0.136 (0.020)0.127 (0.021)2.13 (0.37)2.73 (0.40)0.46 (0.22)1.15 (0.26)0.03 (0.47)−0.61 (0.45)
Inner city
White0.123 (0.025)0.163 (0.026)1.33 (0.45)3.19 (0.54)−0.26 (0.28)1.07 (0.35)−2.11 (0.57)−1.95 (0.60)
Afro-Caribbean0.152 (0.038)0.115 (0.038)1.87 (0.69)1.69 (0.81)0.02 (0.48)0.11 (0.58)0.23 (1.04)0.86 (1.03)
Urdu/Punjabi0.168 (0.030)0.150 (0.031)2.73 (0.67)2.58 (0.67)0.59 (0.46)0.87 (0.46)0.31 (0.83)1.77 (0.72)
Gujarati0.158 (0.056)0.262 (0.061)2.99 (1.23)5.27 (1.42)1.01 (0.80)1.85 (0.91)1.94 (1.50)4.82 (1.36)
Other Indian0.082 (0.069)0.303 (0.074)2.22 (1.44)5.58 (1.61)1.10 (0.97)1.88 (1.08)−0.06 (1.76)3.64 (1.73)
  • Values are linear trend per cohort (SE).

  • Trends for weight, weight for height, and triceps skinfold should be multiplied by 10−3.