Table 2

Demographic characteristics and clinical features of 48 patients with childhood tuberculosis

CharacteristicNo (%)
Male29  (60)
Age (years)
 0–419 (40)
 5–918 (38)
 10–1411 (23)
Ethnic origin
 White38 (79)
 Indian subcontinent7 (15)
 Afro-Caribbean0 (0)
 Other3 (6)
Site of disease
 Pulmonary31 (65)
 Intrathoracic lymph nodes3 (6)
 Extrathoracic lymph nodes6 (13)
 Central nervous system2 (4)
 Bone and joint1 (2)
 Testicular 1 (2)
 Not known4 (8)
Chest radiograph
 Normal13 (27)
 Cavitary tuberculosis1 (2)
 Non-cavitary consistent with tuberculosis21 (44)
 Non-cavitary unusual for tuberculosis3 (6)
 Other abnormality10 (21)
Microbiological confirmation
 Culture positive8 (17)
 Culture negative16 (33)
 Culture not done24 (50)
Tuberculin test
 Mantoux or Heaf positive36 (75)
 Mantoux or Heaf negative6 (13)
 Result not recorded2 (4)
 Not done4 (8)
BCG immunisation status
 Had BCG6 (13)
 Not had BCG30 (63)
 Not recorded12 (25)