Table 2

Parents’ characteristics

HIV uninfected (n = 92)Reference (n = 65)Mean Δ (SE)p value
Father’s
Mean (SD) age (years)30.8 (5.2)34.4 (5.1)−3.58 (0.84)< 0.001
 Income (lower/higher)45/4718/47  0.007
Mother’s
Mean (SD) age (years)27.0 (4.0)32.5 (5.4)−5.51 (0.76)< 0.001
 Education (⩽ 14 years/> 14 years)52/4023/42  0.009
 Smoking in pregnancy (yes/no)17/753/62  0.010
 Drug addiction in pregnancy (yes/no)20/720/65< 0.001
  • Mean (SE) differences of continuous variables (Δ) between the HIV uninfected and the reference groups (SE of 95% CI).